Category Archives for "journal"

Skincare changes during fertility treatments

At Freia Aesthetics, we take pride in journeying with our customers through different life seasons, be it pre-teen, teens, marriage, trying to conceive, pregnancy, postpartum, perimenopause and so on. This article shines the spotlight on skin changes for those who are trying to conceive and undergoing fertility treatments.

My personal journey

When I met my husband Harold, we were both 36. We got married at 37 and started trying to conceive right away even though skepticism filled my heart & rightly so – because month after month, nothing happened. To our surprise, we discovered that we were both Thalassemia minors (as some of you may know, Thal is a generic blood disorder that does not affect our lives per se, but you put 2 Thal minors together, we have a 25% chance of having a Thal major child, which means a lifetime commitment to blood transfusions.

My hubby is a doctor so he knew what this meant. Natural conception was out so we embarked on IVF, but with the added challenge that all our embryos needed to undergo pre-genetic screening (or PGS) for Thalassemia. To do PGS in itself is a highly challenging & difficult process and we were grateful to be under the amazing care of Dr Loh SF and Dr Baliji from Thomson Fertility. 

It was heartbreaking to see “perfect” looking embryos/ blastocysts not being able to be transferred to me because they were Thal major. Our fresh cycles never quite worked – I attribute it to the way my eggs are stimulated. Basically I had too many eggs when I just needed some really good ones. Thankfully, on both frozen cycles, we were successful. Through the grace and provision of God, the support of many IVF warriors and the love from great friends, both babies were carried to full term of 39 weeks, and born healthy and beautiful.

From the start, I’ve been open about my long journey with friends, clients and family, in the hope of lending support to as many women as possible.

Why & how do fertility treatments affect our skin?

During fertility treatments, stress and medication play a huge part and unfortunately, these show up on our skin.

Stress: No one can truly empathize with the amount of stress our bodies and mental beings undergo during fertility treatments, unless you have walked that road yourself. The excitement of hope that builds up before egg retrieval, followed by the agonizing two-week wait when we are told to relax but Google every symptom possible. Then comes the big reveal on the HCG levels. The rising stress levels can be insidious or obvious – but the reality is, we all get it – one way or the other.

Hormones: During every fertility cycle, our bodies are pumped up with so much estrogen pre-egg retrieval & progesterone supports post-transfer to support the pregnancy. If the cycle was successful, you get all the pregnancy-related symptoms and for most of us, we are kept on these medications for weeks after to support the growing fetus. If the cycle does not work out, medication is ceased within a day or two & one’s body is left to cope with the (sudden) steep falling hormone levels.

Even with one factor at play, it can already create havoc on our skin; let alone the forces of both. When this sort of fluctuation happens, our hormones go haywire and it is this imbalance that manifests in skin changes. One may experience oilier skin, acne, dry, sensitive, irritated,  stressed skin or pigmentation / skin discoloration. Think of your usual PMS symptoms but everything is elevated and taken a few notches up.

What can we do when fertility treatments affect our skin?

  1. Stay calm. Know that whatever skin woes you may get during fertility treatments, “This too, shall pass”. Stress exacerbates everything.
  2. Learn to read your skin. Identify your skin warriors – have a few key products on hand to treat various skin changes that you can expect.
  3. Don’t do anything too harsh (treatment-wise) or that you are uncomfortable with. A common question I get is whether lasers are safe during pregnancy: avoid ablative lasers which can potentially “burn” the skin & cause an open wound or cause pain and invariably stress to the baby. Go with very gentle lasers – probably something like the Dual Yellow Laser which helps rejuvenate & soothe skin, without the use of any numbing cream. But it boils down to what you feel is acceptable – especially during the first trimester (i.e. two-week wait included).    
  4. Avoid experimenting with new products or treatments. Be it during the fertility cycle or pregnancy, this is not the time to experiment with products or new treatments that can cause undue stress to the baby. Keep to your army of skin stabilizers. As tempting as some “stronger” ingredients may be, practice caution when using skincare or treatments. I used to tell myself and others that during the cycle, treat yourself as if you are already pregnant.
  5. Avoid these ingredients
    High concentrations of glycolic acid (over 7%)
    – Salicylic acid (over 2%)
    – Retinol or Retin A (tretinoin) products as these could result in some birth defects. Retin A products are essentially 20 times stronger than retinol as they have the ability to penetrate deeper and more quickly into the skin.
    – Hydroquinone is another ingredient used to treat pigmentation and melasma but one to stop before trying to conceive. 
    Opt for treatments and skincare with ingredients that are more botanical but still deliver results.

How can we treat skin changes during fertility treatments?

Acne: At our medi spas, we have successfully put clients on a regime of Beauty Drops No. 3, Phyto Mask 2, Heritage Mask, Soft Treatment Gel from Future Cosmetics. These contain all botanical extracts and are safe and effective in dealing with skin nasties. Look out for ingredients like Silk Amino Acids, Centella Asiatica, Chamomile, Arnica Montana which help rebalance, soothe and calm the skin. 

Opt for balancing facials like the Clear Skin Facial which uses local dynamic massage ultrasound waves to heal connective skin tissue & reduce inflammation. Hydrafacial is another good option but we would tweak it to be pregnancy-safe. Also, facials which incorporate the use of a medical grade LED light (specially Blue and Yellow) would be helpful. Visible blue light eliminates acne bacteria while yellow soothes and calms skin. 

Dry, Irritated Skin: When skin is intolerant, inflammed or stressed (atopic dermatitis), it may manifest in allergic spots resulting in bumpy skin texture. Focus on healing the skin and reducing inflammation. Adopt the ‘Less is More’ philosophy. Product-wise, Beauty Drops No. 1, Rescue Recovery & Repair, Serums and Soft Treatment Gel works well for many clients. Arnica Montana and Centella Asiatica help to relieve itch, discomfort and soothe skin.

When it comes to facials, those that incorporate Yellow LED light can help to soothe and calm skin. 

Dehydrated Skin: Focus on increasing the water content in our skin. Beauty Drops No. 2 works very well being layered onto skin to provide instant relief to skin. Layered under and over your moisturiser, skin will look less “parched” and “leathery”.  

Choose facials that replenish the lost water content in our skin. Any of our oxygen facials or Dewy Skin Facial would be good to restore the plumpness in skin.

Pigmentation: Look out for melanin blockers that are more natural. Brightening Touch Serum has botanical extracts like Hypoxis Rooperi, Licorice and Boerhaavia Diffusais that offer a slow release of active ingredients to provide brightening results. Treatments such as yellow laser, yellow LED or Luminosity facials will be helpful in treating pigmentation. 

Click here to watch the full Instagram Live session featuring Freia Aesthetics x Fertility Support Group covering skin changes during fertility treatments.

If you would like a more tailored consultation on selection of products, feel free to reach out to us via WhatsApp at 91091574.

Are Your Eye Care Products Giving You Milia Seeds?

Photo: Freepik

The dreaded milia… Yes, the harmless keratin-filled cysts that form just under the skin, turning into tiny bumps. If you get them easily around the delicate area, it’s about time to review your eye products. Are they overly rich in texture? Do they penetrate effectively into the skin?

You see, unlike the rest of the face, the eye area has no oil glands so it can get naturally dehydrated. Blood circulation is not optimal either, so nature needs a bit of help in this department.

Choose eye care products that dramatically improve circulation, deliver much-needed hydration while plumping up the skin without adding to puffiness. Two perfect examples of multi-faceted eye solutions that check these boxes are:

1. Auteur Definitive Eye Cream

Photo: Instagram / Auteur

It does everything we desire an eye product to deliver: Reduction of dark circles, puffiness, tauter, firmer skin with visibly less fine lines. Yes, all of those effects in one formulation. ⁠ ⁠

Apart from high powered actives to stimulate circulation, promote lymphatic drainage, peptides to give a botox-like effect, and growth factors, one key reason why this product trumps MANY eye creams is the thoughtful delivery system. It increases the stability of actives and the bioavailability (i.e. its penetration rate) of peptides by a whopping 90 times! 

This limits the formation of primary milia while keeping to its promise of younger, brighter eyes!

Get it here.

2. Oumere The Eye Serum

Photo: Instagram / Oumere

This serum also does everything from reducing dark circles and puffiness to boosting hydration. An amazing eye product that penetrates instantly yet moisturises 24/7. 

Due to Oumere’s minimal water content in its collection and high concentration of active ingredients, if you feel a tingling sensation, go ahead and dilute with distilled water before use. Say hello to brighter, fresher and youthful-looking eyes. 

Pro-tip: Both can be used in the AM and PM. But if puffy eyes are a concern, skip the cream for night and stick to serums.

Get it here.

Making a Collagen Comeback

"But you look just perfect" are words I hear from friends, clients, family BUT when I look at photos (note: not selfies - in a strange way, selfies tend to make you look better even without filters!), I know. Once high, lifted cheekbones, while structurally still there, start to show glimpses of sagginess. Jowls look and feel heavier; my once V face looks more inverted than before. After all, I'm 45 and age does show up - don't get me wrong, I think ageing is a beauty in itself but I have to admit, I'll still want to look the best version of my age. But who are we kidding if we think the best and most expensive skincare will reverse this? I LOVE my skincare but I know its limitations - unlike achieving that glowy, glass like finish, sagging skin is one of those challenging conditions to treat. After all, we are dealing with the brutal forces of gravity. 

One of my most memorable treatments I've had to date that adequately addresses this concern is Ulthera or Ultherapy.

What is Ulthera?

Ultherapy is the only FDA-cleared, non-invasive procedure that relies on ultrasound therapy to go deeper than other non-invasive treatments for collagen stimulation. It is the only Ultrasonic lifting device with a direct visualization function so the operator can see at which level of the skin & exactly where the energy hits. "Personally I ALWAYS use the screen and look at it with each shot fired. I’m making sure there’s a good image which coincides with good transducer placement for effective delivery of energy and minimise risk of accidental burns" Dr Toby Hui, Freia Medical. Results improve progressively over time - giving a whole meaning to the hashtag #itjustgetsbetter .

The battle between Ulthera & "generic" HIFU machines

My alliance is clear - Ulthera. For the simple reason that it WORKS. I've done Ulthera twice in the past - the first during a demo session - and honestly, the results were very mediocre and I was wondering what the hype was about. The second in Dec 2018 by Dr Toby - and boy, was I wowed. I could tell the instant results of skin tightness and firming and which progressively got better over the year (clearly, physician skill, expertise and the number of shots given DO matter). A few months ago, we considered getting a HIFU machine - with a better price point for clients, we felt we needed to know how the results stacked up and if the treatment would be "worth it". Both machines were sadly underwhelming - I hardly saw results - instantly or after. Jowls were still saggy months later. Ulthera uses micro-focused ultrasound to generate a more uniform and sustained heating / thermal effect under the skin; thereby giving that more pronounced "instant lift" and better eventual outcome. These attributes make it superior to HIFU (which uses high intensity focused ultrasound and does not go as "deep" to give the same "jump-start" for our body to create fresh, new collagen. In short, HIFU is a "better version" of a facial but is more for maintenance and probably more suited for people with minimal sagging. At 45, I think I need more help 😉 Anyone looking for more sustainable effects should consider Ulthera instead. My latest Ulthera done barely a month back was short of amazing - & seeing the results, it is clear why I love this treatment - as quickly as a few days after, jowls have reduced; skin is tauter, firmer. So, no, I've decided to do justice to my clients and not purchase either HIFU machines. 

Is it painful?

Honestly, no pain, no gain. The Ulthera "discomfort" is a unique one - it's not shocking, stabbing pain but more pronounced on "bony" areas like the jawbones and feels like a "current" going to your bone. The more fleshy areas like cheeks etc were comfortable. Put on some airpods and listen to some music or a podcast - it's wonderful how our mind distracts us. This reduced my discomfort factor from a usual 7/10 to a 4/10!

In short, I would do Ulthera all over again as it still targets sagging skin the best... in a heartbeat. Here's to ageing gracefully and looking the best version of your age 🙂 xoxo

Maskne – the New Acne?

2020: We slept in one world and woke up in another. A world where COVID-19, lock-downs, circuit breakers, curfews and of course, wearing of face masks when we go out for a walk, buy groceries or run important errands is the new normal. Inevitably, many of us find ourselves dealing with a host of skin issues. Common ones include itchiness, redness, inflammation, rashes and acne breakouts.

Who’s more pre-disposed to getting Maskne? Those of us with oily and acne prone skin or irritable, intolerant skin.

Why does Maskne occur?

When worn correctly, effective protection with a surgical face mask creates a naturally moist, hot environment over the covered skin as your breathing is being trapped. Over the span of a few hours, this occlusion leads to a build up of sweat and oil on the skin under the mask, creating that perfect petri dish for acne bacteria to grow and thrive.

This condition is known as Acne Mechanica – which is skin irritation formed by excess pressure, heat & constant rubbing against the skin. Though commonly seen in athletes who perspire a lot or those wearing chin straps, we now see a rise in acne in the lower half of the face; which corresponds to where the face mask is worn over the skin.

Skin woes don’t just manifest in the form of pimples; another common problem comes, shows up in red (or clear) bumps which may be followed by itchiness; something we term as Contact dermatitis or allergic dermatitis.

Either way, the annoyance is real.

10 Tips on How To Prevent and Manage Maskne
  1. Cleanse and moisturise your face before and after wearing a face mask.
  2. If your skin is reactive or gets sensitive easily, bring an extra clean mask – change this mid day. If you have a facial, good practice to use a clean mask after! Change your mask daily at least. Wear a cloth / silk mask instead of the disposable ones if your skin is reactive and acne prone.
  3. Incorporate products with these ingredients: Retinols, AHA, Salicylic acid. These accelerate cellular turnover, reduce clogged pores, congested skin, eliminate blackheads & whiteheads. For those with oily skin, start the routine right with proper cleansing. My pick would be SkinBetter’s Oxygen Infusion Wash – contains Salicylic acid which loosens up a clog, is incredibly light weight, removes excess oil, dead cells, is non-drying and leaves a beautiful radiance on skin. Add in exfoliants like AHA and Retinols. The AlphaRet Overnight Cream from SBS works gently but potently to exfoliate skin and prevent congestion.
  4. Moisturise – a cardinal rule and often missed out in skin routines. The logic is simple – our body is made up of 60-70% water and our skin caters for 60-70% of that water content. Which shows the simple fact that water is crucial to good skin health. The more we deprive skin of its needed hydration, it is going to over-compensate by producing more sebum on the surface. So what you end up with is an oily surface but a parched dermis – a vicious cycle that needs to be broken to restore skin balance. Apply a lightweight moisturizer comfortable for the day – my pick: The ultra light yet hydrating Hydration Boosting Cream from SBS.
  5. Masking – one of the best things I’ve found in maintaining good skin is sensible daily masking. Choose your masques wisely and understand what they do. Make the masking sessions count by treating your skin according to what it needs. Wash off within the stipulated time frame. Spot mask appropriately – so if you break out in the lower half of the face, use a purifying, balancing mask to treat the area and another hydrating mask to treat the rest of the face. While using the hydrating mask on the whole face is not going to harm the skin, neither is it going to do anything to draw out the acne.
  6. Invest in a good, solid anti-blemish routine – wearing face mask is a new normal so you want to decisively treat skin woes as they arise. Add to that hormonal acne that inflicts many of us, having a stable anti-blemish routine that you can whip out every month will go a long way.
  7. Go light on make up – if you’re still using makeup, shift your application to only what's above eye level, as any potentially irritating or pore-clogging ingredients especially heavy foundation and concealer should be avoided under the mask-covered skin.
  8. Get a good deep cleansing facial regularly or a medical grade LED light therapy – the ones I love are the Hydrafacial which deeply cleans without stripping skin of its needed hydration. If sensitive skin is in the mix, then we add on a soothing & healing oxygen infusion. LED light therapy can also be super helpful – we use a mixture of blue light for anti-bacterial and yellow for healing & reducing redness.
  9. Don’t take matters into your own hands – mechanical picking on your skin can do more harm than good. Unless your pustule forms into that pointed white head where a little nudge will remove the entire pus, no one should be picking at their pimples. It gives that instant gratification but also leaves you to deal with a scar in the weeks and months ahead. It can also lead to infection, redness, boils, inflammation – signs that you should quickly see your doctor to get onto a course of oral medication or injection to reduce inflammation.
  10. Spot treat your pimples – be decisive and strategic of what you use to spot treat the developing pimple. Aim to draw it out to maturity rather than curtailing its development, which means it will surface in the next month.



Extractions – Good or Bad

When skin is clogged up with excess sebum, impurities, whatever you try slathering on is pretty much futile. The main culprits are Blackheads and Whiteheads – a blocked pore that stays open forms a blackhead. If a blocked pore closes, a whitehead, or closed comedones will develop. Depending on the extent of congestion, we often times have to do a manual extraction. Done properly in skilled hands, extractions clear out clogged and obstructed pores. A good extraction involves one swift motion to unclog the pore – whether by hand or using sterile instruments. There should not be constant plodding or multiple attempts to extract.

In the case of pimples, extractions should only be done when the pimple is sufficiently “ripe”, ideally when they develop a “head”. If it is too early in its development phase, best to leave it as is and allow it to run its course. Picking at it will aggravate the condition and pushes the oils and sebum deeper into skin. Nothing like clear, smooth skin that has been de-congested, unclogged, purified. Only then can one experience the true benefits of the serums and creams that go on after. The fear of manual extractions arise from certain notions that inexperienced prodding of skin causes more trauma and in turn greater “purging” of toxins and inflammation, which can result in nasty, red cystic acne or a boil.

Treating freshly extracted skin with a session of medical grade LED Lights (415nm Blue light) will go a long way in delivering superior anti-bacterial properties and subsiding active acne. Yellow Light follows to intensively calm skin, prevent unwanted redness and significantly reduce inflammation. The lights we use have 1800 durable, hi quality LEDs to deliver powerful, consistent energies to stimulate natural biological repair mechanisms.

The Truth About Blue Light

It’s common knowledge that sun protection is important. But do we know enough about the types of sun rays which are harmful for our eyes and specifically for our skin? We often see sunscreens which promise high SPF protection from UVA and UVB but is that enough? Doctors and scientists are now concluding that if we are serious about preventing photo-ageing, hyper-pigmentation, inflammation, we need to consider the effect of blue light (emitted from the sun AND digital devices like our mobile phones, tablets, TVs, LED lighting etc) on our skin.

What is Blue Light?
Referred to as High Energy Visible (HEV Light), it makes up part of the spectrum of visible light. Unlike its counterparts UVA and UVB, Blue Light has the ability to penetrate deeper into the epidermis, expose skin to free radicals, damage DNA, resulting in inflammation and reduction of healthy collagen and elastin.

The truth is, the only option in the past to counteract the effects of free radicals caused by blue lights was antioxidant serums and even then, there was no formidable protection against it. The recent invention of Beyond Sun Protection offers more than 50% protection against HEV – a medically proven rating that is extremely difficult to achieve. Why 50%? Before you decide to eradicate every bit of Blue Light, it is important to note that blue light is also needed for our cognitive functions, regulate our body’s circadian rhythm and elevate our mood.

Eye Envy

Eyes are the window to your soul and a pair of capitvating, youthful and glistening eyes rank high on the beauty stakes across ethnicities. But with great power comes great responsibilities and the eyes (if not taken care of) are often the first tell-tale sign of age.

The skin surrounding the eye area is extremely delicate and the thinnest compared to other parts of our face. With almost no oil glands, minimal underlying fat and riddled with a web of tiny capiliaries, all these characteristics give rise to problems such as puffiness, milia seeds, sunken-ness, dark circles, fine lines and wrinkles.

Here are some tips to keep eyes perky and youthful for days to come:

1. Start early with a good under-eye serum and eye creme. Prevention is better than cure so start as early as you can. Defy the saying that “youth is wasted on the young”. If you are in your 20’s, opt for a lightweight eye gel. In your 30’s, consider an anti-ageing serum. Use only serums at night if you are predisposed to puffy eyes.

2. Eye massages help with lymphatic drainage of toxins, improving of blood circulation and smoothening of fine lines.

3. For professional treatments, opt for Plasma Eyelift if you suffer from heavy, droopy eyelids that need a lift. Ultherapy or X-Lift (radio frequency) treatment for eyes go a long way in firming and tightening of eye contours. Medical grade LED light treatments provide a gentle yet effective way to rejuvenate the undereye area. Yellow laser uses a unique wavelength of light to reduce vascular conditions and brighten skin, thus reducing dark eye circles.

4. Do an eye mask once or twice a week – either the good old fashioned cold cucumber slices or soaked tea bags to reduce puffiness and fatigue and restore vitality.

5. Adopt a holistic approach to eye care for optimal results. Sleep at least 7 hours and before 2am. The deepest and most regenerative sleep occurs between 10pm and 2am. An hour of sleep before midnight is worth 2 after midnight. Protect eyes against harmful effects of UV rays – opt for sunscreen or UV protection shades. Drink lots of water. Cut down on salt to eliminate puffiness. No smoking to prevent premature sulleness of under eyes. Never rub your eyes unless you want to accelerate the formation of fine lines.

And if all else fails and you have a red carpet event, choose an oil-free under eye concealer.

Notes on Sun Protection

It feels like summer all-year round in Singapore and if there is one thing you certainly cannot live without (especially these past sweltering days), it’s your good old sunscreen. We kick off this series by debunking a few myths and reinstating the facts of sunscreens:

1. What is a sunscreen?
The sun emits two types of rays: Ultra Violet A and Ultra Violet B. UVA rays are responsible for the premature ageing of skin, while UVB rays are what cause sunburn and skin cancer. Sunscreens are products that have several active ingredients to help prevent and protect these harmful rays from damaging our skin.

2. Who needs sunscreen?
The truth is, anyone over the age of six months should use a sunscreen daily, and this is especially true during the sun soaked months of summer. For those of us parents, start a good practice of applying a suitable baby/children sunscreen from as early as 6 months. This good practice when started this early, will have your kids thanking you for years to come. Even those working indoors are exposed to ultraviolet radiation for brief periods throughout the day, especially if they work near windows, which generally filter out UVB but not UVA rays. And in a time when air travel is just another means to commute, spending time thousands of feet above ground means you are closer to the sun’s harmful rays and should be protected from over exposure (p.s. think twice about that choice of a window seat?). Skin protection is a 365-day job, and not simply for vanity’s sake. According to the American Cancer Society, about 3.5 million cases of basal and squamous skin cancer are diagnosed each year, with another 73,000 melanoma diagnoses (an even more dangerous type) expected this year.

3. What does SPF mean?
SPF (Sun Protection Factor), is a measure of a sunscreen’s ability to prevent UVB rays from damaging the skin. It generally takes 20 minutes for unprotected skin to start reddening. So using a SPF 15 sunscreen prevents reddening 15 times more or 5 hours. In percentage terms,
SPF 15 – filters out 92% of UVB rays
SPF 30 – filters out 97%
SPF 50 – filters out 98%
SPF 70 – filters out 99+%

The percentage variance may seem marginal but under the intense blazing, these extra percentages go an extra long way in protecting your skin. While SPF is an important factor to look for in a sunscreen, the key takeaway is not to negate protection against UVA rays (which causes photo-ageing vs the “reddening” effect) which can sometimes cause more harm to skin (skin cancers) over time. To ensure protection against both UVA and UVB, choose a sunscreen which offers broad spectrum protection, regardless of the SPF level.

4. Should I choose a Physical or Chemical sunscreen?
Physical blockers contain natural ingredients like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. They are best suited to those that struggle with sensitivity, inflammation and redness as no heat is absorbed into the skin. They sit on top of the skin and deflect sun’s rays acting like a shield. Usually thicker in texture, they sometimes can leave a white cast on skin. But being chemical free, this is typically the choice for babies, kids and adults who have sensitive skin.

Chemical sunscreens are not as thick and usually need to be absorbed into skin at least 20 minutes before heading out. They contain chemical agents to absorb UV light and dissipate as heat energy. The preferred choice for those with blemish prone, dry skin types.

Chemical Sunscreen is a variant of sunscreen that employs chemical agents to protect against the sun. Chemical agents absorb UV light within the skin and dissipates it as heat energy before they can harm the skin. Chemical sunscreen is the preferred choice for most skin types especially blemish probe, congested, dehydrated, dry and mature skin types. Because it absorbs into skin, it works nicely under make up and keeps it fresh and beautiful without compromising on it protection. No matter how “water resistant” a sunblock may claim to be, the golden rule is to still reapply your sunscreen once you are out of the water and have towelled it off.

Aerosol sunscreens may seem super convenient – just a spray and you get protection but note that it can cause uneven application and ingredients are usually not as effective and strong as the creme based ones.

5. How much should I use?
One of the most common mistakes we make is to use a sunscreen of say 50 or 70 but not apply enough of it. Going too lite on your application means you do not get the full effect of the SPF protection. As a gauge, for your face, use no less than a 5 cent coin dollop of sunscreen. Cover all exposed areas adequately and do not neglect your neck and decolletage. No one likes a 2-colour skin tone on your face and neck 🙂 Apply it 30 minutes before sun exposure to allow ingredients to fully bind to skin. Reapply the same amount every 2 hours or when you perspire profusely or under intense sun.

And last but not least, with the right protection in place, by all means, enjoy life and what the sun and sea offers.

For our full range of sunscreens, go to Read about the sunscreens we love on Freia247 Journal.